stephen murdoch

Rails 7 Active Storage with Tigris on

Panthera Tigris

It's so easy to use Tigris as an ActiveStorage backend

My site is built with Rails. I'm using ActiveStorage to handle file uploads, and ActionText to create posts with rich text content. The default active storage configuration file is as follows:

  service: Disk
  root: <%= Rails.root.join("tmp/storage") %>

  service: Disk
  root: <%= Rails.root.join("storage") %>

Now that my site is in production, I want my images stored in the cloud so that they don't take up space on my server. Amazon S3 is the obvious choice, they're fast and reliable, but their Identity and Access Management system is complex and confusing. I need a simpler solution. Enter Tigris.

In their own words:

Tigris is a globally distributed S3-compatible object storage service that provides low latency anywhere in the world, enabling developers to store and access any amount of data for a wide range of use cases. 

Sounds good to me. Let's see how to use Tigris as a backend for ActiveStorage attachments on It only took me 10 minutes to get it all working.

Step 1: Create a Tigris project

Run the following command from the root of your application:

fly storage create --public will do the heavy lifting for you, and when the process is complete they will set the following ENV variables on your server:


Step 2: Create a Tigris adapter for ActiveStorage

Add the following code to the ActiveStorage configuration file found at config/storage.yml:

  service: S3
  endpoint: <%= ENV["AWS_ENDPOINT_URL_S3"] %>
  access_key_id: <%= ENV["AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID"] %>
  secret_access_key: <%= ENV["AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY"] %>
  bucket: <%= ENV["BUCKET_NAME"] %>
  region: <%= ENV["AWS_REGION"] %>

Step 3: Tell Rails to use Tigris in production

Update the ActiveStorage service in config/environments/production.rb to the following:

config.active_storage.service = :tigris

Step 4: Add the S3 gem to your Gemfile

We need to install the aws-sdk-s3 gem so add the following to your gemfile:

group :production do
  gem "aws-sdk-s3", require: false

Don't forget to run bundle install

bundle install
git add .
git commit -m 'Panthera Tigris'

We're almost done, but if you're using ActionText then you will need to configure CORS on your Tigris bucket so that direct uploads via the Trix editor will work.

Step 5:  Install the AWS CLI

Amazon Web Services
Amazon Web Services

If you already have AWS CLI installed and configured, then you might want to back-up your existing settings (found at ~/.aws on MacOS) before doing the following.

I'm on a Mac so I installed the AWS CLI using homebrew, and then I configured it to use the ENV variables from step 1:

brew install awscli
aws configure

Note that I had to SSH into my server to get the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY as the values displayed in the UI are merely digests.

When finished you should have the following in ~/.aws/config

region = auto
output = json

And you should have the following in ~/.aws/credentials

aws_access_key_id = your_aws_access_key_id
aws_secret_access_key = your_aws_secret_access_key

Step 6 - Create a CORS file

We need to create a json file containing the following CORS rules if we want direct uploads to work via the Trix editor:

  "CORSRules" : [
      "AllowedMethods":["PUT", "POST", "DELETE"],

Save the file as cors.json somewhere on your local machine, and make sure you put your own domain name in there where it says "".

You can now register your cors file with your Tigris project by running the following command:

aws s3api put-bucket-cors --endpoint-url --bucket put_your_bucket_name_here --cors-configuration file:///path/to/cors.json

Make sure to use your own bucket name when running the above command.

Step 7 - Deploy your code

We just need to deploy our code now:

fly deploy

And that's it. ActiveStorage will now use Tigris, and the CORS rules we added will allow direct uploads via the Trix editor if you're using ActionText. 

Remember you can skip the CORS stuff from steps 5 and 6 if you're not using direct uploads or Trix.

Good luck.